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Bunús na Gaeilge - Basic Irish Language

There is no other way to revive Irish than for a crowd of people to spread it.
- Douglas Hyde

Note: The spellings and pronunciations used are based on Aideen's own natural use of Connemara Irish but they have been kept simple, so as to be understood where there are differences in the language.
For example, the word 'feicfidh' is used only in Connemara Irish; in Leinster, Ulster and Munster the word is 'cífidh'. There are two pronunciations; Leinster/Munster - kee-fee; Ulster - chee-fee.


The biggest problem for people whose native language is English is that the soft 't' and 'd' are in Irish, but not in English; it's difficult to 'reproduce' them in writing. Where I use 'th' and 'dh' here, they are best achieved by putting your tongue gently behind your front upper teeth."


Click here for our words & phrases Index.


Lesson 62: Food & Drink - Part 1 A-C

Our lesson this week is a bit different. We've had requests for a dictionary which is a huge undertaking and we're still wrestling with whether or not to do it. However, for the time being, we are taking one category - Food & Drink - and going ahead with an alphabetized listing of the most common and/or basic words.

This lesson goes from A to C and is not intended to be all-inclusive. Also, please note that some foods are called by a different name in Europe and the USA - zucchini, for example is the American word for what they call a courgette in Ireland. Where our resident Irish speaker/translator thinks it's relevant, she gives the European word followed by the American word - for example, aubergine/eggplant.

Phrase: Food & Drink - Part 1 A-C
Irish: Bia agus Deoch - Cuid 1 A-C
Pronunciation:
bee-ah ah-gus dkeukh - kwidj ah hayn

Word: aperitif
Irish: greadóg
Pronunciation:
grah-dhohg

Word: appetizer
Irish: géarú goile
Pronunciation:
gay-roo gwell-yeh

Word: apple
Irish: úll
Pronunciation:
ool

Word: apricot
Irish: aibreog
Pronunciation:
ah-brohg

Word: artichoke
Irish: bliosán
Pronunciation:
bliss-awn

Word: asparagus
Irish: lus súgach
Pronunciation:
luss soo-gahkh

Word: aubergine/eggplant
Irish: ubhthoradh
Pronunciation:
uv-hur-ah

Word: avocado
Irish: piorra abhcóide
Pronunciation:
pirr-ah ahv-koh-djeh

Word: bacon
Irish: bagún
Pronunciation:
baw-goon

Word: banana
Irish: bhanana
Pronunciation:
wanana

Word: basil
Irish: basal
Pronunciation:
bahs-ahl

Word: bayleaf
Irish: duillelabhrais
Pronunciation:
dhill-ehlow(as in cow)-rish

Word: beans
Irish: pónairí
Pronunciation:
poh-nah-ree

Word: beef
Irish: mairteoil
Pronunciation:
maw-irtj-oh-il

Word: beer
Irish: beoir
Pronunciation:
be-oh-ir

Word: beetroot/beet
Irish: biatas
Pronunciation:
bee-ah-thas

Word: biscuit
Irish: briosca
Pronunciation:
briss-kah

Word: blackberries
Irish: sméara dubha
Pronunciation:
smay-rah dhoo

Phrase: black pudding
Irish: putóg dhubh
Pronunciation:
puth-ohg dhuv

Word: blancmange/pudding
Irish: bánghlóthach
Pronunciation:
bawn-ghloh-hukh

Word: blueberry
Irish: fraochán
Pronunciation:
free-khawn

Word: brandy
Irish: branda
Pronunciation:
brahn-dhah

Word: bread
Irish: arán
Pronunciation:
ah-rawn

Word: broccoli
Irish: brocailí
Pronunciation:
broccoli

Phrase: brown bread
Irish: arán donn
Pronunciation:
ah-rawn dhunn

Phrase: Brussels sprouts
irish: bachlóga Bruiséile
Pronunciation:
bahkh-lohg-ah brush-ay-leh

Word: butter
Irish: im
Pronunciation:
im

Word: cabbage
Irish: cabáiste
Pronunciation:
kahb-aw-ish-the

Word: cakes
Irish: cístí
Pronunciation:
kish-tchee

Word: carrot
Irish: cairéad
Pronunciation:
kahr-aydh

Word: cauliflower
Irish: cóilis
Pronunciation:
kohl -ish

Word: celery
Irish: soilire
Pronunciation:
sell-ih-reh

Word: cereal
Irish: gránach
Pronunciation:
graw-nukh

Word: cheese
Irish: cáis
Pronunciation:
kaw-ish

Word: cherry
Irish: sillín
Pronunciation:
sill-een

Word: chicken
Irish: sicín
Pronunciation:
shik-een

Word: chicory
Irish: siocaire
Pronunciation:
shik-ah-reh

Word: chips/fries
Irish: sceallóga
Pronunciation:
shki-ahi-oh-gah

Word: chives
Irish: síobhais
Pronunciation:
shee-vish

Word: chop (as in cut of meat)
Irish: gríscín
Pronunciation:
griss-keen

Word: chowder
Irish: seabhdar
Pronunciation:
show (as in cow)-dhahr

Word: cider
Irish: ceirtlis
Pronunciation:
kerth-lish

Word: cocktail
Irish: manglam
Pronunciation:
mahn-glahm

Word: cod
Irish: trosc
Pronunciation:
thrusk

Word: coffee
Irish: caife
Pronunciation:
kah-fay

Word: corn
Irish: arbhar
Pronunciation:
ahr-vahr

Word: cornflakes
Irish: calóga arbhair
Pronunciation:
kahl-oh-gah ahr-virr

Phrase: corn on the cob
Irish: arbhar sa dias
Pronunciation:
ahr-vahr sah djees

Phrase: cottage cheese
Irish: cáis bhaile
Pronunciation:
kaw-ish wah-yehí

Word: courgette/zucchini
Irish: cúirséad
Pronunciation:
kur-saydh

Word: crab
Irish: portán
Pronunciation:
purth-awn

Word: cranberries
Irish: mónóga
Pronunciation:
mohn-ohg-ah

Word: cream
Irish: uachtar
Pronunciation:
ookh-thahr

Phrase: cream cheese
Irish: cáis uachtair
Pronunciation:
kaw-ish ookh-thahr

Word: crepe
Irish: pancóg
Pronunciation:
pahn-kohg

Word: cucumber
Irish: cúcamar
Pronunciation:
koo-kah-mahr

Word: cutlet
Irish: gearrthóg
Pronunciation:
gi-ahr-hohg


Note: This caught our eye. Yes, we know it isn't gaeilge, but it is fascinating. If nothing else, it is certainly language (and Irish language as well.)
Slanguage
by Bernard Share
...for all 'decent skins', 'crawthumpers', horse-protestants', 'hard chaws' and 'strong farmers'...a dictionary of Irish slang that's as amusing as it is informative.
Click here for Slanguage


For More Basic Irish please click here: Irish Index

Image: Gaeilge Beo from
All Posters and Prints.

 

Thu, Jul 9, 2015
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Bitesize Irish Gaelic

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Why Learn Irish with Bitesize Irish Gaelic?
Eoin is a native Irish speaker who you can listen to in the online lessons.
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Audrey has created conversation lessons to get you speaking Irish.
And last but certainly not least, they are proud of the Irish language and want more people to speak it.
Affordable, fun and effective - To learn more, Click Bitesize Irish


Irish Grammar
by Noel Mogonagle

This book is excellent for beginners who are wanting a book that gives basic grammar without all the extra information that confuses beginners. The book is well laid out, with information very easy to find. Amazon Reviewer

Here is a good follow-on to our words and phrases.
Click for Irish Grammar.

Irish - English
English - Irish
Dictionaries

Note: We have yet to see a dictionary with phonetic pronunciations for each word. We suspect this is partly due to the variations. Providing for all four 'green fields' (Connacht, Leinster, Ulster and Munster), would be cumbersome at best. Still, someone may do it some day. Until then, these are all very good and recommended. Serious students will have more than one; they are inexpensive.

These two (either or both) are the handy-references needed to go with a good grammar or 'teach yourself' course.
We would need both (and some other help) if found wandering in a Gaeltacht late at night.
Amazon has an offer of either one combined with a grammar for a reduced price.
Click for Collins Gem
Click for Oxford Pocket.


Children's Irish Dictionary
by Hippocrene Books

As a total beginner in Irish, this has taught me quite a few words. The illustrations are beautifully done, and best of all, each word is given a rough English spelling of its pronunciation. Edited from an amazon review.
Click here for Kid's Irish Dictionary.


Wicked Irish
by Howard Tomb

While I wouldn't recommend you use many of these phrases, this is a terribly funny book. I picked it up after leafing through it at the store and finding phrases about sheep and inns and the hazards of driving in Ireland without insurance. Each little section starts out innocuously enough, then quickly degenerates into truly funny comments. If you like Monty Python or BlackAdder, this will really make you laugh. If you liked the Father Ted tv show, this little book will make you keel over giggling. Ah, go on, ya eejit, buy it already! Amazon Reviewer
(We want this, you may see a few on these pages - watch out).
Click for Wicked Irish


Teach Yourself Irish Complete Course
by Diarmuid O'She & Joseph Sheils

An easy-to-use program for learning on your own, or can be used as supplemental material for your classes. These new editions have been thoroughly revised and updated to include the engaging dialogues and helpful exercises you have come to expect from the Teach Yourself series.
Click for Teach Yourself

Learning Irish
by Micheal O'Siadhail

The Best Irish Course Available! Three years ago I decided to learn Irish, and in the next two years I bought three different courses. The first two were simply useless, (that's the obvious reason for my buying new courses) you could learn some phrases, but not construct sentences yourself. Learning Irish, on the other hand, is an excellent book, which gives you a thorough vocabulary and grammatical knowledge. It consists of 36 lessons, all containing vocabularies, grammar instructions, texts and excercises. Amazon Reviewer.

Click for Learning irish


 

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