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Bunús na Gaeilge - Basic Irish Language

There is no other way to revive Irish than for a crowd of people to spread it.
- Douglas Hyde

Note: The spellings and pronunciations used are based on Aideen's own natural use of Connemara Irish but they have been kept simple, so as to be understood where there are differences in the language.
For example, the word 'feicfidh' is used only in Connemara Irish; in Leinster, Ulster and Munster the word is 'cífidh'. There are two pronunciations; Leinster/Munster - kee-fee; Ulster - chee-fee.


The biggest problem for people whose native language is English is that the soft 't' and 'd' are in Irish, but not in English; it's difficult to 'reproduce' them in writing. Where I use 'th' and 'dh' here, they are best achieved by putting your tongue gently behind your front upper teeth."


Click here for our words & phrases Index.

Lesson #20 - Seasons and Weather.
Here, we tackle the seasons and the weather. It's a somewhat wide-ranging topic , so we're bringing you words in this lesson and we'll give related phrases next. Once again, we are most grateful to Aideen, our native Irish speaker, for making this lesson possible.
Photo Credit: Spring in Ireland/Irish Thatch Owners


Word: Season
Irish: Séasúr
Pronunciation:
shay-soor

Word: Weather
Irish: Aimsear
Pronunciation:
am-shir

Word: Spring
Irish: Earrach
Pronunciation:
arr-och

Word: Summer
Irish: Samhradh
Pronunciation:
sow(as in cow)-rah

Word: Autumn/Fall
Irish: Fomhair
Pronunciation:
foh-wir

Word: Winter
Irish: Geimhreadh
Pronunciation:
geev-reh (note: a hard 'g' sound, as in 'gale' and not in 'gel')

Word: Wet
Irish: fliuch
Pronunciation:
fli-ukh

Word: Dry
Irish: tirim
Pronunciation:
chi-rm

Word: Hot
Irish: te
Pronunciation:
cheh

Word: Cold
Irish: fuair
Pronunciation:
foo-er

Word: Sun
Irish: griain
Pronunciation:
green

Word: Sunrise
Irish: éirí na gréine
Pronunciation:
eye-ree na gray-ne

Word: Sunset
Irish: luí (na) gréine
Pronunciation:
lee (na) gray-ne

Word: Sunshine
Irish: dealramh na gréine
Pronunciation:
jal-rav na gray-ne

Word: Snow
Irish: sneachta
Pronunciation:
shnokh-tha

Word: Rain
Irish: báisteach
Pronunciation:
baw-ish-thioch

Word: Wind
Irish: gaoth
Pronunciation:
gwee

Word: Bitter
Irish: géar
Pronunciation:
gayr

Word: Breeze
Irish: feothan
Pronunciation:
fee-oh-hawn

Word: Storm
Irish: stoirm
Pronunciation:
stherm

Word: Stormy
Irish: stoirmeach
Pronunciation:
stherm-ockh

Word: Blizzard
Irish: síobadh sneachta
Pronunciation:
shee-bah shnokh-tha

Word: Blast (of wind)
Irish: séideán ghaoithe
Pronunciation:
shay-dhawn gwee-heh

Word: Sheet (of ice)
Irish: leac oighir
Pronunciation:
lack-eyer

Word: Sky
Irish: spéir
Pronunciation:
spare

Word: Sleet
Irish: flichshneachta
Pronunciation:
flickh-shnokh-tha

Word: Umbrella
Irish: scath fearthainne
Pronunciation:
scaw farr-hinne

Word: Topcoat
Irish: cóta mór
Pronunciation:
ko-tha mor

Word: Raincoat
Irish: cóta báistí
Pronunciation:
ko-tha baw-ish-thee

Word: Hat
Irish: hata
Pronunciation:
hah-tha

Irish: Cap
Irish: caipín
Pronunciation:
cop-een

Irish: Shoes
Irish: bróga
Pronunciation:
broh-gah

Irish: Boots
Irish: buataí
Pronunciation:
boo-thee

Lesson #21 - Weather Phrases.

Phrase: Take care of yourself (mind yourself), or you might catch a cold in this weather
Irish: Tabhair aire duit fhéin no gheobhaidh tú slaideán san aimsear seo
Pronunciation:
Thohr arr-eh dhitch hayn noh yeo-ee thoo sly-dhawn son am-shir shuh

Phrase: The forecast for tomorrow is good
Irish: Tá comharthaí na haimsire go maith le haghaidh amárach
Pronunciation:
Thaw cohr-hee na ham-shir-eh guh mye leh heye a-mawr-och

Phrase: There is a blast of sharp wind coming from the north / the south-east
Irish: Tá séideán gaoithe ghéirr ag teacht ó thuaidh / ó thoir-theas
Pronunciation:
Thaw shay-dhawn gweeheh yayr egg tiochth oh hoo-ee (oh herr-hass)

Phrase: Now that Spring is here the days will be lengthening
Irish: Anois teacht an Earraí beidh na laethe ag dul chun síne
Pronunciation:
A-nish tiocht on arr-ee bye na lay-heh egg dhul khun shee-neh

Phrase: Isn't it so wonderful to look at a lovely sunset
Irish: Nach aoibheann bheith ag breathnú ar luí (na) gréine áileann
Pronunciation:
Knock eev-en veh egg bra-noo err lee (na) gray-ne awl-yinn

Phrase: Do you have an umbrella with you? There will be rain/sleet in the afternoon
Irish: Bhfuil scath fearthainne leat? Beidh báisteach/flichshneachta sa tráthnóna
Pronunciation:
Will scaw farr-hinne li-ath? Bye baw-ish-thioch/flickh-shnokh-tha sa thraw-nona

Phrase: No need for a topcoat/raincoat today
Irish: Ní gá cóta mór / cóta báistí inniu
Pronunciation:
Nee gaw ko-tha mor / ko-tha baw-ish-thee inn-yuh

Phrase: The Irish weather is usually so uncertain
Irish: De ghnath in Éireann bíonn an aimsear neamhchinnteacht
Pronunciation:
Djeh gnaw in ayr-inn bee-on on am-shir nav-khinn-thiochth

Phrase: We will have a bonfire tonight
Irish: Beidh tine chnámh againn anocht
Pronunciation:
Bye chin-eh knawv og-inn a-nokhth

Phrase: Come in from the sun. It's hot out there now
Irish: Tar isteach on ngriain. Tá sé te amach ansin anois
Pronunciation:
Thar is-tioch own ngreen. Thaw shay cheh amokh on-shin a-nish

Phrase: My shoes are wet
Irish: Tá mo bhróga fliuch
Pronunciation:
Thaw muh vroh-gah fli-ukh

Phrase: We are having a very good summer this year
Irish: Tá Samradh breá againn i mbliana
Pronunciation:
Thaw sow(as in cow)-rah bra og-inn i mblee-na


For More Irish words & phrases please click here: Irish Index

Image: Gaeilge Beo from All Posters and Prints.


 

Thu, Jul 9, 2015
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This book is excellent for beginners who are wanting a book that gives basic grammar without all the extra information that confuses beginners. The book is well laid out, with information very easy to find. Amazon Reviewer

Here is a good follow-on to our words and phrases.
Click for Irish Grammar.

Irish - English
English - Irish
Dictionaries

Note: We have yet to see a dictionary with phonetic pronunciations for each word. We suspect this is partly due to the variations. Providing for all four 'green fields' (Connacht, Leinster, Ulster and Munster), would be cumbersome at best. Still, someone may do it some day. Until then, these are all very good and recommended. Serious students will have more than one; they are inexpensive.

These two (either or both) are the handy-references needed to go with a good grammar or 'teach yourself' course.
We would need both (and some other help) if found wandering in a Gaeltacht late at night.
Amazon has an offer of either one combined with a grammar for a reduced price.
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Click for Oxford Pocket.

Wicked Irish
by Howard Tomb

While I wouldn't recommend you use many of these phrases, this is a terribly funny book. I picked it up after leafing through it at the store and finding phrases about sheep and inns and the hazards of driving in Ireland without insurance. Each little section starts out innocuously enough, then quickly degenerates into truly funny comments. If you like Monty Python or BlackAdder, this will really make you laugh. If you liked the Father Ted tv show, this little book will make you keel over giggling. Ah, go on, ya eejit, buy it already! Amazon Reviewer
(We want this, you may see a few on these pages - watch out).
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Teach Yourself Irish Complete Course
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The Best Irish Course Available! Three years ago I decided to learn Irish, and in the next two years I bought three different courses. The first two were simply useless, (that's the obvious reason for my buying new courses) you could learn some phrases, but not construct sentences yourself. Learning Irish, on the other hand, is an excellent book, which gives you a thorough vocabulary and grammatical knowledge. It consists of 36 lessons, all containing vocabularies, grammar instructions, texts and excercises. Amazon Reviewer.

Click for Learning irish


 

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