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Bunús na Gaeilge - Basic Irish Language

There is no other way to revive Irish than for a crowd of people to spread it.
- Douglas Hyde

Note: The spellings and pronunciations used are based on Aideen's own natural use of Connemara Irish but they have been kept simple, so as to be understood where there are differences in the language.
For example, the word 'feicfidh' is used only in Connemara Irish; in Leinster, Ulster and Munster the word is 'cífidh'. There are two pronunciations; Leinster/Munster - kee-fee; Ulster - chee-fee.


The biggest problem for people whose native language is English is that the soft 't' and 'd' are in Irish, but not in English; it's difficult to 'reproduce' them in writing. Where I use 'th' and 'dh' here, they are best achieved by putting your tongue gently behind your front upper teeth."


Click here for our words & phrases Index.


Lesson 63: Food & Drink - Part 2 D-J

This lesson continues with translations and pronunciations for food - from D to J. We'll take a break on the food vocabulary after this lesson and resume with the rest of the alphabet in a few weeks or so.


Phrase: Danish blue (cheese)
Irish: gormán Danmhargach
Pronunciation:
gur-mawn dhahn-wahr-gahkh

Word: dessert
Irish: milseog
Pronunciation:
mil-shohg

Word: dessert wine
Irish: fíon milis
Pronunciation:
fee-un mil-ish

Word: digestive biscuit/graham cracker
Irish: briosca díleách
Pronunciation:
briss-kah djil-ukh

Word: dill
Irish: lus mín
Pronunciation:
luss-meen

Word: doughnut
Irish: taoschnó
Pronunciation:
theess-khnoh

Phrase: draught beer
Irish: beoir bhairille
Pronunciation:
bee-ohr bahr-il-eh

Word: dressing
Irish: blastán
Pronunciation:
blash-thawn

Phrase: drinking chocolate
Irish: deoch sheacláide
Pronunciation:
di-ukh shock-law-idjeh

Phrase: dry wine
Irish: fíon géar
Pronunciation:
fee-un gayr

Word: duck
Irish: lacha
Pronunciation:
lahkh-ah

Word: dumplings
Irish: dumplagáin
Pronunciation:
dhump-lah-gaw-in

Word: eclair
Irish: éadromóg
Pronunciation:
aydh-rum-ohg

Phrase: edam cheese
Irish: cáis edam
Pronunciation:
kaw-ish e

Phrase: egg mayonnaise
Irish: ubh faoi mhaonáis
Pronunciation:
uv fwee way-naw-ish

Word: eggs
Irish: uibheacha
Pronunciation:
iv-ukh-ah

Word: egg salad
Irish: sailéad uibhe
Pronunciation:
sahl-aydh iv-eh

Word: fennel
Irish: finéal
Pronunciation:
fin-ayl

Word: fig
Irish: fige
Pronunciation:
fig-eh

Word: fillet
Irish: filléad
{ronunciation:
fil-aydh

Phrase: fillet of salmon
Irish: filléad bradáin
Pronunciation:
fil-aydh brah-dhaw-in

Phrase: fillet steak
Irish: stéig filléid
Pronunciation:
shthay-ig fil-aydh

Word: fish
Irish: iasc
Pronunciation:
ee-usk

Phrase: fish cake
Irish: cáca éisc
Pronunciation:
caw-cah ay-ishk

Phrase: fish fillet
Irish: filléad éisc
Pronunciation:
fil-aydh ay-ishk

Phrase: fish fingers
Irish: méara éisc
Pronunciation:
may-rah ay-ishk

Phrase: fish steak
Irish: gearrthóg éisc
Pronunciation:
gi-ahr-hohg ay-ishk

Phrase: French bean
Irish: pónaire Francach
Pronunciation:
pohn-eh-re frahn-kukh

Phrase: French bread
Irish: arán Francach
Pronunciation:
ah-rawn frahn-kukh

Phrase: French coffee
Irish: caife Francach
Pronunciation:
kah-fay frahn-kukh

Phrase: fried eggs
Irish: uibheacha friochta
Pronunciation:
iv-ukh-ah frukh-thah

Word: fruit
Irish: torthaí
Pronunciation:
thur-hee

Phrase: fruit flan
Irish: flan torthaí
Pronunciation:
flahn thur-hee

Phrase: fruit juice
Irish sú torthaí
Pronunciation:
soo thur-hee

Phrase: fruit salad
Irish: sailéad torthaí
Pronunciation:
sahl-aydh thur-hee

Phrase: fruit tart
Irish: toirtín torthaí
Pronunciation:
thur-cheen thur-hee

Phrase: garden peas
Irish: piseanna garraí
Pronunciation:
pish-ah-nah gahr-ee

Word: garlic
Irish: gairleog
Pronunciation:
gahr-li-ohg

Word: gherkin
Irish: gircín
Pronunciation:
gerr-keen

Word: ginger
Irish: sinséar
Pronunciation:
shin-shayr

Phrase: ginger ale
Irish: uisce sinséir
Pronunciation:
ish-geh shin-shayr

Word: gooseberries
Irish: spíonáin
Pronunciation:
spee-naw-in

Word: grapefruit
Irish: seadóg
Pronunciation:
shah-dhohg

Word: grapes
Irish: caora fíniúna
Pronunciation:
kweer-ah fee-noo-nah

Phrase: green bean
Irish: pónaire ghlas
Pronunciation:
pohn-ah-reh ghlahs

Phrase: green pepper
Irish: piobar glas
Pronunciation:
pib-ur glahs

Phrase: grilled/broiled salmon steak
Irish: stéig ghriollta bradáin
Pronunciation:
shthay-ig grill-thah brah-dhaw-in

Phrase: grilled T-bone steak
Irish: stéig T-chnáimhe ghriollta
Pronunciation:
shthay-ig T-khnaw-veh grill-thah

Word: haddock
Irish: cadóg
Pronunciation:
kah-dhohg

Phrase: half-one (small measure of whiskey)
Irish: leathghloine
Pronunciation:
li-ah-gh(hard g)lin-eh

Phrase: half pint
Irish: leathphionta
Pronunciation:
li-ah -fiun-thah

Word: halibut
Irish: haileabó
Pronunciation:
hah-liah-boh

Word: ham
Irish: liamhás
Pronunciation:
leev-aws

Phrase: hard-boiled egg
Irish: ubh chruabhruite
Pronunciation:
uv croo-ah-vrih-cheh

Word: herbs
Irish: luibheanna
Pronunciation:
liv-ahn-ah

Word: herring
Irish: scadán
Pronunciation:
skah-dhawn

Word: honey
Irish: mil
Pronunciation:
mill

Phrase: hot chocolate
Irish: seacláid the
Pronunciation:
shock-law-idjeh heh

Word: hotdog
Irish: brocairete
Pronunciation:
bruk-ah-reh tcheh

Phrase: hot whiskey
Irish: fuisce te
Pronunciation:
fwish-keh tcheh

Phrase: house wine
Irish: fíon an tí
Pronunciation:
fee-un on tchee

Phrase: ice-cream
Irish: uachtar reoite
Pronunciation:
ookh-thahr roh-tcheh

Phrase: Irish coffee
Irish: caife Gaelach
Pronunciation:
kah-fay gway-lukh

Phrase: Irish stew
Irish: stobhach Gaelach
Pronunciation:
sthuv-ukh gway-lukh

Word: jam
Irish: subh
Pronunciation:
suv

Word: jelly (*as in Jello, not preserves, which is jam)
Irish: glóthach
Pronunciation:
gloh-hahkh


Note: This caught our eye. Yes, we know it isn't gaeilge, but it is fascinating. If nothing else, it is certainly language (and Irish language as well.)
Slanguage
by Bernard Share
...for all 'decent skins', 'crawthumpers', horse-protestants', 'hard chaws' and 'strong farmers'...a dictionary of Irish slang that's as amusing as it is informative.
Click here for Slanguage


For More Basic Irish please click here: Irish Index

Image: Gaeilge Beo from
All Posters and Prints.

 

Thu, Jul 9, 2015
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Irish Grammar
by Noel Mogonagle

This book is excellent for beginners who are wanting a book that gives basic grammar without all the extra information that confuses beginners. The book is well laid out, with information very easy to find. Amazon Reviewer

Here is a good follow-on to our words and phrases.
Click for Irish Grammar.

Irish - English
English - Irish
Dictionaries

Note: We have yet to see a dictionary with phonetic pronunciations for each word. We suspect this is partly due to the variations. Providing for all four 'green fields' (Connacht, Leinster, Ulster and Munster), would be cumbersome at best. Still, someone may do it some day. Until then, these are all very good and recommended. Serious students will have more than one; they are inexpensive.

These two (either or both) are the handy-references needed to go with a good grammar or 'teach yourself' course.
We would need both (and some other help) if found wandering in a Gaeltacht late at night.
Amazon has an offer of either one combined with a grammar for a reduced price.
Click for Collins Gem
Click for Oxford Pocket.


Children's Irish Dictionary
by Hippocrene Books

As a total beginner in Irish, this has taught me quite a few words. The illustrations are beautifully done, and best of all, each word is given a rough English spelling of its pronunciation. Edited from an amazon review.
Click here for Kid's Irish Dictionary.


Wicked Irish
by Howard Tomb

While I wouldn't recommend you use many of these phrases, this is a terribly funny book. I picked it up after leafing through it at the store and finding phrases about sheep and inns and the hazards of driving in Ireland without insurance. Each little section starts out innocuously enough, then quickly degenerates into truly funny comments. If you like Monty Python or BlackAdder, this will really make you laugh. If you liked the Father Ted tv show, this little book will make you keel over giggling. Ah, go on, ya eejit, buy it already! Amazon Reviewer
(We want this, you may see a few on these pages - watch out).
Click for Wicked Irish


Teach Yourself Irish Complete Course
by Diarmuid O'She & Joseph Sheils

An easy-to-use program for learning on your own, or can be used as supplemental material for your classes. These new editions have been thoroughly revised and updated to include the engaging dialogues and helpful exercises you have come to expect from the Teach Yourself series.
Click for Teach Yourself

Learning Irish
by Micheal O'Siadhail

The Best Irish Course Available! Three years ago I decided to learn Irish, and in the next two years I bought three different courses. The first two were simply useless, (that's the obvious reason for my buying new courses) you could learn some phrases, but not construct sentences yourself. Learning Irish, on the other hand, is an excellent book, which gives you a thorough vocabulary and grammatical knowledge. It consists of 36 lessons, all containing vocabularies, grammar instructions, texts and excercises. Amazon Reviewer.

Click for Learning irish


 

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